The provision of water in sufficient quantity for the world population has been a herculean task for most countries across the globe. That is why most countries of the world are now jittering about this precarious situation where demand for water has always outweighed water supply globally. This is reemphasized by the recent United Nations World Water Development Report which revealed that, without significant global policy change, the world would only have 60% of the water it needs by 2030.
The reality is that access to safe drinking water is not too encouraging in many households in the country as only 67% of the population has access to basic water supply. As part of the Federal Government policy, the responsibility of water supply is shared between three levels of government – federal, state and local. The federal government is in charge of water resources management; state governments have the primary responsibility for urban water supply; and local governments together with communities are responsible for rural water supply.